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International Eco-tourism Forum in Shangri-La for the First Time


添加时间:2007年1月29日 发布人:tccwang 来源: 点击数:5501 回复数:0 推荐阅读 加入收藏

Co-organized by Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and the Local Government of Diqing

China Hold the International Eco-tourism Forum in Shangri-La for the First Time

 

Nearly 300 participants had been present including UN general representative to China, representative of PECC economic entity members, 8 ambassadors to China, Great Living Buddha of Tibetan Buddhism, celebrated international tourism experts, members of international environmental protection organizations and Chamber of Tourism. Hu Deping, Xu Rongkai, Niu Maosheng, Mr. Malik, UN general representative to China and Mr. Jean-Claude, President of World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) had delivered their speeches.

 

The Second Session PECC Eco-Tourism Forum was held in Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan province China, September 9-13, 2004. The theme of the Forum was eco-tourism and protection of cultural heritage. The organizers of the Forum were China National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation, the People’s Government of Yunnan province, China Society for Promoting Guangcai Program, All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce. The co-organizers of the Forum were Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and the People’s Government of Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan province.

 

Altogether 300 delegates participated into the Forum from more than 30 countries and regions. The participants included Mr. Hu Deping, Deputy Head of the United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee and Secretary, Party Leadership Group of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and First Deputy President of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, Xu Rongkai, Governor of Yunnan Province, Niu Maosheng, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee and Director General of Nationalities and Religion Committee, CPPCC, Xie Boyang, Deputy President of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, and Living Buddha Zhukang Tudengkezhu, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, Deputy Chairman of CPPCC of Tibetan Autonomous Region, Deputy President of China Buddhism Association, and President of Tibetan Buddhism Association.

 

The participants also included Mr. Malik, UN General Representative to China and UNDP Representative to China, PECC Secretary General Eduardo Pedrosa, WTTC President Jean-Claude Baumgarten, Mr. Myra P. Gunawan, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Indonesia, and representatives from six members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and Mr. Yang Chengxu, President of China National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation.

 

During the two days meeting, representatives from 29 countries such as China, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Ecuador, France, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Russia and US together with representatives from Hong Kong China and Macao China had delivered keynote speeches. The Participants had exchanged broadly and profoundly on the theme of “eco-tourism and protection of cultural heritage” and adopted Shangri-La Agreement. The Forum agreed on the following. A forward looking concept should be established; overcome the backward development concept which is easily to result in disasters; raise the awareness of local residents and governments; promote the government to formulate the concerned policies; enforce the environmental protection standards; formulate the regulations of eco-tourism; support partnership between the public and the private sectors; coordinate the development of eco-tourism and the local economic development, which is the prerequisite of sustainable development; mobilize all the sectors to participate and cooperate broadly.

 

The Forum also emphasized as follows. First, the ecological protection and eco-tourism should attract people’s attention. Second, the protection of ecological environment has become people’s common concern, while more attention is needed for protection of cultural heritage. In the protection of ecological environment and development of eco-tourism, people with unique culture is the backbone and main force, therefore neglecting people and culture equals to bias and lose. Third, the integrity of regional ecology should be protected and the sustainable development of eco-tourism should be maintained. Fourth, the ecological environment and cultural heritage is a treasure not only to certain region and country but also to the world. Fifth, Shangri-La as venue of the forum is the best choice. All the participants appreciate the efforts done by Yunnan people in protecting the ecological environment and cultural heritage.

 

The Ecological Principle Should be Universally Respected by All Tourism Activities

 

The participants agreed that “the development of ecology should based on protection, and the ideal mode of eco-tourism is win-win-win among the government, the business and the community”.

 

Mr. Malik, UN General Representative to China and UNDP Representative to China said that faced by the issues aroused from the development and protection of eco-tourism, we should be human-centered and take into account the long term benefits through developing and protecting the eco-tourism by integrating the local resources and market demands. For example, he mentioned “the development of handicraft should focus on the continuity and development of local handicrafts and try to offer job opportunities as many as possible. The protection of biology is our common responsibilities. But the regions with bio-diversity are usually poor, so in the process of protective development we should listen to the voice and aspiration of local people and try to make the local people involve in the protection program. The public and private forces should be combined to encourage people to respect the standards of environmental protection and fully respect people’s rights so that the biodiversity can be protected effectively”. He also mentioned that “the development of eco-tourism needs international standards and principle, therefore China should bear in mind to formulate them with UN. And it is also necessary for UN to carry out certain tests and invest in infrastructure construction. The human development fund co-established by UN and China Guangcai Program is aimed at supporting the development of the absolute poor regions”.

PECC Secretary General Eduardo Pedrosa regarded that “the tourism economy with eco-tourism included is an important driving force for world economic development, especially its significant contributions to the world economy in providing job opportunities”.

 

As an academician of French Academy, Jean-Claude Baumgarten is the President of WTTC, which has its members from the world 100 private tourism businesses, headquartered in London. He held that “despite of winning profit, the private businesses should protect the environment and obtain support from the community when developing the eco-tourism”. He said to the present participants from Chinese tourism community: “one year ago when you were fighting against the negative impact brought by SARS to your business and economy, the Chinese counterparts of tourism had already accepted the concept of new tourism. The new tourism depends on the new awareness to its future and the responsibilities. We should undertake responsibilities to fully tap the potential of tourism and benefit the public”.

 

Ecuador PECC representative Mr. Oswaldo Munoz Maggio put forward the subject of “what will eco-tourism bring to human society”, attracting wide attention. He concluded that a 50-year-old tree had a total value of $190,000 because it could produce oxygen, reduce pollution, protect against water and soil erosion, and build home for animals. The participants had fully understood the importance of environmental protection through his analysis. He also sang highly the sound ecological environment of Diqing Shangri-La and the spirit of Shangri-La. He also showed his desire to understand more about Shangri-La and Shangri-La spirit.

 

“The ecological principle should be universally respected by all tourism activities.” Mr. Liang Congjie, member of CPPCC National Committee and President of Friends of Nature put forward the principle of eco-tourism development. He said “both the tourism practitioners and tourists should have a simple and pure manner to eco-tourism, by respecting the nature, the original situation of resource, the history, the tradition and the life style of local people. The practitioners usually regard the local human scenery and natural scenery as the resource to attract tourists for profitability, by developing the resource in a destructive manner, which has damaged the scenery to some extent. Therefore, when developing the sceneries, the practitioners should fully take into account the continuous use of resource and its sustainable development. While in taking part in the eco-tourism, the tourists should change their mentality of a conqueror or a profligate by protecting the resource of the scenic spot and respecting the nature. The local government should also actively guide and educate the practitioners and tourists to protect the resource, by making every endeavor to integrating the ecological principle into the overall process of tourism”.

 

Madam Wang Ping, member of CPPCC National Committee and President of Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce made a presentation on the topic of “Protecting the integrity of regional ecology can maintain the sustainability of the development of tourism economy”. She said: “the eco-tourism should not only take into account the protection and development of ecology but also the protection of ethnic minorities’ culture and the integrity of human living space”. She also mentioned: “the economic resource can be compared while the national culture can not. The protection of cultural characteristics of every nationality means the protection of their own living space, which will help develop their own unique economy. The perquisite is to maintain the stability of ethnic groups, which can help retain the integrated culture and the original place of the culture. Therefore, we not only have the responsibility of rescuing and protecting human living environment and cultural heritage, but also the responsibilities of rescuing and helping the survival of the ethnic groups, which is a very austere challenge”. She also pointed out that “the government should recognize the importance of the co-existence of economic development and cultural protection strategically, which will make the international forum more meaningful”.

 

The Protection of Cultural Heritage Share Equal Importance with the Protection and Development of Ecology

 

The ideal future of human being is the perfect combination of the sound ecological environment and time endured national cultural heritage. The Forum also discussed on the topic of protecting the national cultural heritage. They held that “the protection of cultural heritage share equal importance with the protection and development of ecology”.

 

Mr. Ashfaqur Rahamn, Bangladesh Ambassador to China said, “In retrospect, it is easy to find that the ancient civilization is big river civilization. The Yellow River, the Nile, the Ganges and the Euphrates have fostered the ancient country with brilliant culture and civilization, which has opened a new chapter of human civilization. The human being depends on the natural resource to enjoy today’s development. Now it is time for us to compensate the nature. In the development of eco-tourism, we should firstly make the tourists understand the nature, get close to the nature and be fully aware of the close relationship between nature and human life, and convey them a concept of loving and respecting the nature. In the scenic spots with sound protection of the original ecology, we can develop the single tour route with less construction, restrict the number of tourists, and confine the scope of activities, so that the negative impact brought by the development of tourism to local ecology. All these are the reflection of respecting the natural law. Only in this way can we better protect the ecological environment when developing resources and increasing local revenue.”

 

Madam Juanida Lee Abullah from the Ministry of Tourism of Malaysia talked about the measures taken in protection of national culture. She said: “Malaysia enjoys rich national cultural resource, therefore Malaysia position its tourism market as ‘Malaysia---- true Asia’. We have carried out a lot of international level national cultural activities to attract more tourists so that the development of domestic tourism has been promoted, and raise the passion of ethnic minority young people in protecting and inheriting their ethnic culture.”

 

Miss He Chaoqiong, member of Beijing CPPCC, Managing Director of Hong Kong Shun Tak Holdings Limited, Deputy President of Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce delivered her speech on behalf of the tourism community of Macao China. She took the tourism business of Macao China as an example to talk about how the government and the business should cooperate in protection of cultural heritage and promote the development of eco-tourism. She said: “ The cultural heritage has taken shape with the long development of a country and a nation, which belongs to the nation and the country. Therefore in developing the eco-tourism, it is improper to solely rely on the government, the people’s participation is also needed, and the two sides can promote each other. In the process of mutual coordination, the businesses can help the government draft the protection solution for cultural heritage. At the same time, training programs can be provided to talented people so that the service quality of practitioners will be improved.”

 

Mr. Lee Kang Wook from Korea Research Institute of Culture and Tourism Policy said: “In developing the eco-tourism, every country should fully utilize its traditional cultural resource, because it is the unique feature of a country and a nation, and can attract more tourists. It can be said that the development of tourism is a sound approach to protect the traditional culture. The development of tourism can bring more economic benefits to the local residents. And they will feel proud of their traditional culture and will protect it actively. The tourism business is not simple, it is a bridge boosting the mutual exchange and understanding among all countries in the world. ”

 

The Eco-tourism Is an Inevitable Choice of the Sustainable Development of Tourism in Yunnan

 

Mr. Xu Rongkai, Governor of Yunnan Province pointed out during the Forum that “the eco-tourism is an inevitable choice of the sustainable development of tourism in Yunnan. In the past more than a decade, Yunnan has attracted tourists from many countries, with its beautiful nature, time-endured ethnic tradition and brilliant historic culture. This in turn has promoted the rapid development of tourism”.

 

He said: “In recent years, Yunnan has carried out some pilot programs in promoting the development of eco-tourism. First, focus on the foundational elements, the protection of bio-diversity and the overall enhancement of ecological environment development. At present, the total number of Natural Protection Zones of Yunnan ranks to be the top in China, with the protection area accounting for 7.1% of the provincial total land area, and the forest coverage-rate being 44.3% and the water quality of key lakes being improved and stable. All these have laid solid foundation for the development of eco-tourism. Second, focus on the key elements, by maintaining the sustainable and coordinated development of ecology, tourism and local economy, so that economic development can promote ecological development. Third, focus on the unique elements, by actively exploring the right development approach of the eco-tourism in Yunnan. We will organize the experts and scholars to study and plan the eco-tourism, and try to realize the coordination between eco-tourism and ecological environment as well as the harmony between eco-tourism and national culture, so as to have a unique business of sustainable development. ”

 

Mr. Qizhala, Governor of Diqing and Standing Director of the Chamber of Tourism expressed that: “The high standard Forum held in Shangri-La has provided us with the successful experience from the various countries in terms of their development of eco-tourism and protection of cultural heritage, as well as the new concept and approach. Diqing should take this good opportunity brought by the Forum to fully implement the scientific development concept, the ecological concept and the environmental protection concept. We should properly deal with the relationship between protection and development. The ecological economy represented by tourism business, cultural business and biological business should be developed comprehensively. We will invite people suffering from industrial pollution and urban noises to realize their dream in Shangri-La, and enjoy themselves in Shangri-La both culturally and naturally. On the other hand, the Diqing people who have lived here for so many generations and have made great contributions to the ecological protection here will fully enjoy the present given by the nature and the history, as well as the modern civilization and economic development. The local government is also fully prepared to integrating the Shangri-La culture into the eco-tourism by improving the quality of tourism, so that we can realize the sound interaction and coordinated development between tourism and culture.

 

The Ecological Harmony Is an Ideal for the Civilized Society

 

Mr. Hu Deping who is also the Deputy President of China Society for Promoting Guangcai Program delivered his speech in the closing ceremony. He pointed out that: “ Now people pay much attention to tourism after they solve the problem of food and clothing and get rich, they regard tourism as happy time in their life. This is the reflection of social progress and the requirement of human comprehensive development. If human can enjoy the beautiful nature in a pleasant manner, they are in deed in a high stage, and their overall quality will be improved greatly. Therefore, the tourism is necessary and important, and the ecological harmony is an ideal for the civilized society. In the past the Chinese people only have one day off per week, but now they have two days off. At the same time, the per capita GDP of China has reached over $1000, and we have a vast territory of 9.6 million square kilometers. Therefore, there remains great potential for eco-tourism demand. As for the whole world, we are faced by the tourism space as large as the world, and the tourists as many as the whole world population. ”

 

When talking about the prosperous tourism economy in China, he pointed out that: “The main members of China Society for Promoting Guangcai Program and All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce are the private businesses with a lot of entrepreneurs in the field of eco-tourism. When operating their tourism business, they will seek the profit, the benefit and maintaining & adding the value of capital. To do this, only seeking the maximization of profit is out of date. In fact, the optimization of profit should be their target, namely they should coordinate the profit, the material and cultural demand, the healthy development of human being, human themselves and the natural ecology. This concept of harmony between human and nature has been widely advocated back to the ancient times. We hope the entrepreneurs engaging in eco-tourism can change their mind on the profit gained from eco-tourism. It is not only the payment for enjoying and entertainment, but also the continuous input to economic sustainable development and protection of ecological environment. We hope the private entrepreneurs and the world entrepreneurs can commonly promote the cause. ”

He finally advocated that: “Ecological tourism and protection of national cultural heritage is the common responsibility of human being. We hope the various governments and all sectors of the society including the businesses and the general public can work together to undertake the responsibility so as to build our beautiful home. We can conclude that where there is safe tourism, there is peace and development; where there is charming eco-tourism scenic spot, there is people’s ideal home.”

 

The Forum also had panel discussions focusing on the following three topics as inheriting, protecting and developing the national cultural heritage, the development of regional cooperation and eco-tourism market as well as the promotion of eco-tourism quality. 15 speakers participated the panel discussion. The delegates expressed their greetings to the success of the Forum, and their blessings to Shangri-La. Through co-organizing the Forum, the Chamber of Tourism had demonstrated itself to delegates at home and abroad. It also advocated the importance of non-public tourism economy. Some delegates held that the forum was a successful international conference of the highest level held in the Tibetan areas since the founding of PRC. Through the Forum, the important role played by the Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce in the development of non-public tourism economy of China has been confirmed. It is also a successful exploration for it to find a suitable guideline in future work.

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