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Open China, Embrace the World


添加时间:2007年1月29日 发布人:tccwang 来源: 点击数:4905 回复数:0 推荐阅读 加入收藏

                                                                    By Wang Ping

Member of the National Committee of CPPCC &

President of Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce

8 April 2005

 

The Non-Public Tourism Economy in China and the Chamber of Tourism

Distinguished Guests: First, please allow me to make a self-introduction. I am from the People’s Republic of China, the President of Chamber of Tourism of All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce. Chamber of Tourism is a national organization of tourism industry. Most of the members of the Chamber are privately-run tourism companies. Their growth represents part of the rapid economic development of China. In fact, tourism in the real sense of market business in China started from 1978. With more than 20 years of rapid development, there were 300,000 tourism companies of various kinds with 6 million employees by the end of 2004. Most of our Chamber members are from these companies, including the non-public, privately run, stock share and other forms of tourism companies from Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macao (there’s no member from Taiwan yet at present). There are large companies such as tourism groups, cultural entertainment groups, national catering groups, large theme parks, aviation corporations, pharmaceuticals groups and golf clubs. The Chinese delegation has the following members present today: Mr. Wang Mingang representing companies from Hong Kong with long-time investment history in chain cultural hotels along the silk road of Northwest China, Beijing, Guangdong and Suzhou; Mr. Wu Yongjian who has managed and operated hotels, travel agencies, and travel transport companies in Sichuan; Mr. Mu Min, who has currently operated seven chain restaurants in Beijing and Xinjiang, with Peking Roast duck as the main business; Mr. He Gang, an ethnic Tibetan (minority nationality) from Yunnan province who has operated hotels and resorts; Miss He Chaoqiong who has operated large entertainment companies, hotels, catering services, shipping, ports in mainland China and Macao China. But more are countless small and medium-sized tourism companies located in various parts of China. To better promote the development of business chain of tourism, the Chamber of Tourism started to set up its branches at provincial level with an aim to enhance collaboration between local governments and local privately-run tourism companies. In this way, the business alliance provides an opportunity for its members to learn from each other, share information, help each other and keep self-discipline, hence promoting sound competition and coordinated development of large tourism companies in different regions. As the most vibrant element in China’s current tourism economy, these companies represent the future of tourism development in China.

 

The Chinese delegation will take the opportunity of the 5th Global Travel & Tourism Summit held by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) to communicate and exchange ideas so as to enhance mutual understanding, seek cooperation and create a win-win situation.

 

According to report by the World Travel and Tourism CouncilWTTC, it is predicted that in the coming decade, the demand from travel and tourism in China will bring a real annual growth rate of 10.4%. With this high speed, China will move to rank as the world 4th travel and tourism high growth country. In October 2003, during its 15th conference, WTO (World Tourism Organization) again released their prediction that China will become the world largest tourism destination followed by France and other countries by 2020.

 

As the tourism growth and the driving force brought by tourism economy are becoming a major engine for sound economic development of China, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao has claimed that China will develop its tourism as a key industry of the national economy. In the “proposals on encouraging, developing and guiding the development of non-public economy such as self-employed and privately-run businesses” released by the State Council in March 2005, all industries monopolized by the state such as power, telecommunication, railway, aviation, petroleum, arms industry will be liberalized to the non-public sector, and meanwhile the government will strongly support the development of non-public economy. Accordingly, tourism and privately-run travel businesses will benefit from the policy.

 

In future, China will continue its preferential policies related to foreign investment. Its investment environment has been linked up with international practices in the way of investment concept, operational mode, cooperation partners etc. The western regions in China taking tourism industry as an advantageous industry, are implementing a policy of giving priority to develop tourism industry. In the past 4 years, to support the development of tourism, the central government has earmarked part of the state treasury bond to the construction of infrastructures for tourism, with focus on the construction of transportation and improvement of environment of the central and western regions in China. The endeavor has also attracted a lot of foreign and domestic operational capital.

Brief Introduction to Tourism Resources in China

China is a big country with abundant and world-renown tourism resources, such as cultural relics, magnificent mountains and rivers, and customs of 55 minority ethnic groups. Currently the two mature tourism belts are i) “S”-shape traditional travel routes connected by famous historical, political and cultural cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Suzhou, Hangzhou etc. ii) “crescent”-shape travel routes in the open coastal regions focusing on Liaodong peninsula, Shandong peninsula, Yangtze River delta and Pearl River delta. In particular I strongly recommend to you the increasingly mature tourism market in Western China, which will be the most potential and attractive region following the opening of the eastern coastal region. Western China inhabited by a large proportion of the 56 Chinese ethnic groups, with historical ethnic features, culture and customs, is indeed the treasury region of tourism resources in China. By 2004, among the 30 heritage sites in China in World Heritage List, more than half are located in Western China, such as the world famous Silk Road in Northwest and Ancient Tea and Caravan Trail in Southwest. Many cultural and natural heritage sites in China are located in celebrated mountains and along rivers, and therefore most of them are perfect combination of nature and culture, and the indigenous environment has been well preserved.

 

The Current Situation of Tourism Development in China

China is one of the most popular tourism destinations in the world. In the past 20 years, China has undergone a historical transition from a big country in terms of tourism resources to a big tourism destination country in Asia. According to statistics released by China State Tourism Administration, in 2004 the inbound tourists were 109 million, up by 18.96% compared with 2003. India is the fastest country in terms of inbound tourists, increased by 44.85%. The outbound tourists of China were 28.8528 million person time up by 42.68% year on year. The foreign exchange revenue from tourism was US$25.739 billion, up by 37.45% year on year.

 

The growth of China’s market of domestic tours shows that it is a market of great potential, rapid growth and large scale. In 2004, revenue from the 870-million-person time domestic tours was US$42 billion, 70% of the total tourism revenue. The tourism economy in China has accounted for 5% of the national GDP. As a matter of fact, the tourism sector is one of the earliest economic sectors open to the world with high degree of liberalization. This sector enjoys good investment and development environment, therefore is an advantageous industry for foreign investment attraction approved by the central government. The total foreign investment in tourism sector has reached US$50 billion, accounting for nearly 11% of the  $450-billion total foreign investment attracted by all sectors.

In 2004 EU as a whole had been opened to the Chinese citizens, parts of Africa and South America had also been opened, and Sino-US Memorandum of Understanding on Travel Cooperation had also been signed. All this indicates that Chinese travelers have speeded up in going out, thus the outbound tours in China have also entered a new stage.

 

According to some statistics, the State Council of PRC had approved 41 countries as newly-opened destinations by 2004. Up to now, over 90 countries and regions may serve as the destinations for Chinese outbound tours. Currently travel groups are allowed in 66 countries.

 

Ladies and gentlemen: The Chamber of Tourism has singed a three-year cooperation agreement with the World Travel and Tourism CouncilWTTC, and accordingly we will provide the Chinese government with a white paper on tourism development. This cooperation, I believe will further promote the sound development of world tourism economy.

 

Despite of the fact that the Chamber of Tourism that I am from is an organization representing the private businesses in China, our moral objective is to maintain world peace, to keep sound and orderly world economy. That is the most important message I would like to convey in my presentation.

Thank you Mr. Chairman.

Thank you all.

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